Association ESE

ESE

   Association for Emancipation, Solidarity and Equality of Women.

Analysis of the active health care of mothers and children

In order to gain insight into the implementation of the activities foreseen with the 2011 Program for active health care of mothers and children, we carried out an analysis about the extent to which the planned program activities are implemented and the funding foreseen for the realization thereof for the period from 01.01.2011 to 31.12.2011. The analysis was carried out through collection of publicly available information, by submission of 27 requests. The requests for access to information of public character were submitted to the Ministry of health of Republic of Macedonia, whereas the answers to the questions through the Ministry of health were provided by the competent medical institutions. 

The analysis includes the processing of collected data aimed to show the planned program measures and foreseen funds for their realization versus the conducted program measures and spent funds for their respective realization. Spent funds for the realization of the activities from the Program were established on the basis of the conducted program activities as stated in the answers from the competent institutions and the cost for each of the separate activities as stated in the budget of the adopted Program. In order to establish the efficiency in the implementation of planned activities aimed for the Roma communities from the Program for active health care for mothers and children, the analysis also included the manner of spending the budgeted funds included in the budget of the Program, so as to establish the percentage or amount of funds which are not used, and accordingly to establish the items, i.e. activities which are not completely realized. The findings of this analysis are presented in part one, i.e. under the implementation of the 2011 Program for active health care of mothers and children. 

Furthermore, we also provide an overview of the foreseen activities in the 2012 Program for active health care of mothers and children in order the specify the continuity and the efforts of the Ministry for increasing the coverage of Roma children with vaccination.

The second part of this analysis, i.e. the financial analysis of the Program for active health care of mothers and children, provides an overview of the respective budget for the period from 2010 to 2012. The budget of this Program was considered in respect of the budget of the Program for protection and prevention, the budget of the Ministry of health and the central budget. This approach was used in order to show the participation of the budget of the Program for active health care of mothers and children in the budget for preventive health care, the budget of the Ministry of health, i.e. the central budget. Despite this comparison, we also make an analysis of the sources of funding which is allocated for the realization of this Program, i.e. whether the funds come from domestic or foreign sources of funding. 

 

Analysis of the active health care of mothers and children (mkd)

 

Institutional response and organizational policies with regard to the violence at the workplace

The findings and the results from this survey enable to fill the existing vacuum and lack of clear policy and practice to analyze these phenomena, as well as lack of analysis for the action taken by particular institutions, which according to the legislation, are mandated to act in cases of psychological and sexual harassment. Namely, although there is a generally established legal mandate for the action to be taken by these institutions, yet, the procedure, the mechanisms for protection as well as the competencies of each of the formal actors in the system of protection, are not clear and precise. Therefore, there is inability on the part of the worker – victim of violence at the workplace to ensure adequate and efficient protection.

The subject-matter of this analysis, i.e. is to establish the extent of institutional response of the competent institutions to the violence at the workplace, however, also to establish the level of development of the organizational capacities and procedures for prevention and protection of victims of violence at the workplace, implies that several sources of findings and several methodological procedures were taken into consideration. For the needs of the survey, violence at the workplace was limited to two phenomena which were the focus of this survey: psychological harassment (mobbing) and sexual harassment.

The starting point for the realization of the respective survey is the existing legal base in the labor legislation that regulates the stated phenomena, i.e. psychological and sexual harassment at the workplace. This survey is an essential addition to the survey “Violence against women at the workplace”, carried out by ESE.

The structural determination of the report on the conducted survey arises from the subject and the objectives of the survey, and in this context, the report is divided in two units as follows:

Part one: Action taken by institutions and other actors regarding the violence at the workplace (psychological harassment and sexual harassment).

Part two: Organizational policies regarding the violence at the workplace (psychological harassment and sexual harassment).

 

Republic of Macedonia - Shadow Report on CEDAW

The report aims to represent the situation in relation to the level of compliance of the national legislation with the provision of the CEDAW Convention, as well as other relevant international treaties, the factual situation with regard to the discrimination against women in all spheres of society and provide insight in the achieved progress i.e. actions undertaken by the Republic of Macedonia upon the Concluding Comments of the UN CEDAW Committee issued in the last round of reporting by the state.

The following methodological procedures were conducted within the legal and factual analysis of CEDAW: content analysis; national survey; focus groups and individual interviews and request for collecting public information data.

The following civil organizations contributed to the drafting of this report: Women association “Bojana”, NGO “LIL”, Organization of women in the city of Skopje, Association of friendship among Turkish women, Women’s Forum Tetovo, Polio Plus, Republic centre for supporting the people with mental disability – PORAKA, HOPS, Association of young lawyers, Open Gate, H.E.R.A. and Coalition for sexual and health rights of the marginalized communities.

 

 

 

Protection of patients’ rights

It is of exceptional importance that citizens know their rights as patients, in order to recognize the violations and to know in which way and who they can approach if they think that any of their rights are violated.

On the other hand, it is also important that patients know also their obligations, so that they can enable, among others, the health workers to do their job in better way and easily to reach the final objective – the best possible health care and achieving the best attainable level of health.

Knowledge of patients’ rights and obligations as well as rights and obligations of health workers, largely contributes to the reduction of cases of violations and improves the cooperation between the patient and medical doctor in decision-making and provision of health services.

When introducing the rights, obligations and mechanisms which are described in this brochure, one should take into account that patient is considered any person, sick or healthy, that requests or who undergoes certain medical intervention in order to preserve and promote the health, prevention of diseases and other health status, treatment or health care and rehabilitation. The notion “health“, which is a basic human right, is specified as status of complete physical, mental and social wellbeing, and not only absence of disease or weakness.

Major role for the preparation of this brochure had the European charter on patients’ rights, which was developed in 2002 by the Active Citizenship Network (European network of civic organizations of consumers and patients), which is not a legally binding document, however, it is  generally accepted as most clear and comprehensive presentation of patients’ rights. Accordingly, the division and description of each of the patients’ rights is based on this Charter and the legislative regulations, whereas their obligations and the rights and obligations of the health workers and the mechanisms for protection of rights are based on the existing legislation.

 

 

 
 
     
 
 
       

 

 

 

 

Fiscal Transparency

Social accountability for gender equality

Health Rights

Domestic Violence 

Legal Aid Center

Health Information Centre