Association ESE


   Association for Emancipation, Solidarity and Equality of Women.

Well-Designed Quotas Lead to Significantly More Women in Parliament

5 Mar 2019 - According to the IPU’s yearly analysis, the share of women in national parliaments increased by nearly one percentage point last year, from 23.4 per cent in 2017 to 24.3 per cent in 2018. This 0.9 percentage point increase confirms the continuing rise of women in parliament, at a slightly faster rate of change compared to previous years. Countries with well-designed gender quotas elected significantly more women to parliament than those without, respectively, 7 points more in single or lower chambers, and 17 points more in upper chambers. (See also IPU-UN Women map, Women in Politics 2019.)

The IPU has been tracking women’s participation in parliament for decades, allowing it to monitor progress, setbacks and trends. This year’s report is based on 50 countries that held elections in 2018. IPU data confirms that the global share of women in parliament continues to rise, albeit slowly, when compared with 18.3 per cent of MPs who were women in 2008, and 11.3 per cent in 1995.


2019 State of Civil Society Report

The annual CIVICUS State of Civil Society Report analyses how contemporary events and trends are impacting on civil society, and how civil society is responding to the major issues and challenges of the day. This is the eighth edition of our report, focusing on actions and trends in 2018. This report is of, from and for civil society, drawing on over 50 interviews and guest articles from civil society activists, leaders and experts, as well as CIVICUS’ ongoing programme of research, analysis and advocacy. In particular, it presents findings from our online platform tracking conditions for civil society in 196 countries. 2018 was another year of immense contestation for fundamental rights. On the one side stood  rising right-wing populists, authoritarian presidents, large corporations with few scruples and anti-rights groups. Yet, progressive, rights-oriented civil society and citizens bravely stepped forward to demand the voice they were denied. The report identifies key trends that impacted on civil society in 2018 and are continuing in 2019.

Direct Link to Full 20-Page 2019 CIVICUS Report Overview:

Source: WUNRN – 04.04.2019


USA - The Gender Wage Gap By Occupation 2018 + By Race & Ethnicity - April 2019

New analysis of the wage gap by occupation finds that women are five times more likely than men to work in occupations with poverty-level pay.

Direct Link to Full 9-PAGE IWPR Analysis:


EU - Maternity & Paternity Leave in the European Union - Up for Vote - Country Variables

Written by Ulla Jurviste, Martina Prpic and Giulio Sabbati,- Updated in March 2019

In 2019, the EU institutions are set to approve new work-life balance legislation, which will introduce minimum standards for paid paternity leave across the EU. The maternity rights set out in the 1992 Pregnant Workers Directive will be maintained. This directive sets the minimum period for maternity leave at 14 weeks, with 2 weeks’ compulsory leave before and/or after confinement and an adequate allowance subject to national legislation.

In 2008, the Commission proposed to extend the duration of maternity leave to 18 weeks in accordance with the guidelines of the International Labour Organization, making at least 6 weeks compulsory after confinement, with an allowance amounting to full salary. Parliament accepted this proposal in 2010, whilst extending it to 20 weeks of maternity leave and 2 weeks of paternity leave under the same conditions.



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